Famous American Indian Series - Joseph
| Famous American Indian Series 1|
Fearless leader of the Nez Perces in the hostilities of 1877. He was a great orator, a man of fine appearance and impressive features. He regarded the Wallowa Valley as the sacred land of his people, and did not recognize the Treaty of 1863, which gave it to the whites. He displayed remarkable military skill in defeating larger forces of whites on several occasions. In his great retreat of 1877, he moved his little band with women and children, 1,000 miles before surrender, although harassed on three sides by troops. His fine generalship and the conduct of his warriors won the unstinted praise of their conquerors. He died in Washington in 1904.