Richmondena Cardmalis. With its brilliant color, the cardinal is probably the most popular bird in the U. S. It is the state bird of 7 states. It does not migrate and lives in most states east of the edge of the plains. With its powerful bill it easily cracks corn and other seeds and feeds on insects. 3 or 4 eggs are laid, and the male, shown here, helps care for the care for the family. Cordinals have a pleasing clear whistle. State Bird of Illinois, Indiana. Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and North Carolina.