Oxen drawn covered wagon, typical of hundreds used to cross dangerous Indian country and buffalo prairies to settle virgin ranges of West Texas. Note bull-wacker with guide rope and long whip. West texas four-horse stage-coach, driver and guard. Frequent relays of horses made possible surprising speed over rough, highwaymen infested trails. Passengers arrived dusty bruised and weary. Pony express rider actually a thin paper, fast - message courier who raced at break-neck speed against time, Rider-stations were about 80 miles aprt with two pony-change points en route. Buffalo Bill once made a two station run and return, 320 miles in 21 1/2 hours, exhausting 12 ponies. Equal to Maine, N. Y. and Penna, in area, the 1890 population of the 95 counties of West Texas multiplied ten times to 981,351 by 1930 and 1,019,525 by 1940 - America's last frontier and land of the modern pioneer!