Is the chief of the Maltese Islands and located in the Mediterranean sea. It is an important strategic point in the sea. The Island anciently belonged to the Phoenicians and later to the Romans. It was the scene of the shipwreck of sty. Paul, the islands were conquered by Bonaparte in 1798 and were taken by the English in 1800, their possession being confirmed by treaty in 1841. At the present time it is an English colony being administered by a governor with an executive council.