That the Hopi Indians are the most primitive people and their almost inaccessible homes the most primitive to be found in the United States is conceded by all travelers. The snake dance, which takes place in August, is a pagan ceremony giving thanks for rain and bounteous harvests. The Venomous snakes, even rattlers, are in no way treated to make them harmless. the Indians have an antidote for snake poison which no white man may know. the dancers are often bitten by rattlesnakes without fatal results.