Tree Sparrow

3.5" x 5.5" (9 x 14 cm)
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No. 37 Tree Sparrow Length 6 1/4 inches This interesting member of the Sparrow family may readily be distinguished from its relatives by its reddish crown and the solitary blackish-brown spot in the center of its breast. In mid-autumn it appears in our Northern States, often with Juncos, and, as winter comes on apace, it flocks in scattered companies over the snow-clad fields. Like the Junco, the Tree Sparrow frequents the thicket-bordered edges of woodlands, old fence-rows grown up with vines and briars, and especially weedy fields. It also comes to our gardens and often shares the feeding-shelf with Chickadees, Nuthatches and Juncos. As a destroyer of noxious seeds, the Tree Sparrow probably has no equal. Prof. Beale, of the Biological Survey, estimated that this little winter sojourner consumes over 800 tons of weed-seeds each season in the State of Iowa alone. If this be true of Iowa, what enormous quantities must be destroyed throughout its entire winter range! The nest is usually on the ground, but sometimes in low bushes. There are four or five eggs, pale greenish-blue, speckled with brown. Classification: Order Passeres. Family Fringillidae. Scientific name: Spizella monticola. Range: Throughout North America, east of the plains; breeding in Labrador and in the region of Hudson Bay. It winters in the northern half of the United States. No. 37 from set of 50 Winter Birds of the Northeastern United States. Published by the National Association of Audubon Societies, 1974 Broadway, New York City. Price per set, in a box, $1.00 post paid

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