By 1927 Henry Ford realized the need for a completely new model to replace the Model T Ford, introduced in 1908. The master industrialist had discovered that style was now a crucial factor in selling automobiles, and he shut his plant down early that year to retool. When the Model A finally appeared, "a new car from radiator cap to rear axle," showrooms were mobbed with curious people. Changes included a three-speed selective Transmission with standard shift, four-sheel mechanical brakes, and hydraulic shock absorbers. The crakshaft was both dynamically and statically balanced, and water and oil pumps had been added. With special large tires and rear-wheel drive, the car ran on beaches better than four-wheel drive machines. the engine developed 40 h.p. and ran the car over 65 m.p.h. Many automobile experts feel that the Model A Ford was the best car ever built. Builders Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Mich.